Bilateral Agriculture Cooperation to Control Plant Pests in Potato Cultivation in Indonesia
East Java, 05 May 2018 – Indonesia, recognized as a biodiversity-rich place of plant and animal, has a great potential for agricultural production that needs prevention measures against ingress of pathogens and exotic diseases and weeds that threaten the risk of agriculture production. In fact, plant pests known as major problem in several agricultural commodities in Indonesia have caused inter alia yield losses.
Potato Cyst Nematode or PCN (Globodera Rostochiensis [Wollenweber] Behrens) is the most destructive nematode around the world (Marks & Rojancovski, 1998; Hodda & Cook, 2009). Globodera Rostochiensis is a broadly distributed species in tropical and subtropical parts of the world. As the distribution of seed expands, the distribution of Globodera Rostochiensis expanded too up to Indonesia. In this country, Globodera Rostochiensis was identified for the first time in the potato-growing area in Batu, East Java province in March 2003 (Indarti et al., 2004).
In order to further study, best impede and conquer the spread of the PCN, the Agriculture Quarantine Agency (AQA) of the Indonesian Ministry of Agriculture through the Agriculture Department of the Netherlands Embassy in Jakarta collaborates with the Netherlands government (NVWA and NAK) to conduct a specific training on Detection and Identification of Potato Cysts Nematode under the framework of “Control of Potato Cyst Nematode (PCN) and Phytophthora in Order to Develop the Sustainable Growth of the Potato Sector in Indonesia”. The Training took place in two cities of East Java Province in Indonesia, Batu and Surabaya on 30 April 2018 – 04 May 2018.
Nematology experts from the Netherlands, Mr. Jan Luimes (NAK), Mr. Mario van Sabben and Mr. Jos van Meggelen (NVWA) advised on measures to controlling the PCN and Phytophthora in the potato sector in Indonesia that include inter alia 1) good Phytosanitary management (including knowledge of experts), 2) crop rotation and 3) the introduction of new varieties seed potato that are resistant for PCN and Phytophthora.
The introduction of new Dutch seed potatoes varieties with resistance to PCN into Indonesia will hopefully contribute greatly to control the PCN challenges in Indonesia. These approaches will be further discussed in order to essentially setup national control regulations and/or inform the agriculture private actors to control the indicated pests from spreading.