Energy in the Western Balkans
The Western Balkan countries have very diverse electricity production patterns, but globally for the region, coal and hydropower electricity dominate.
Coal is dominant; energy efficiency as a goal
Albania produces almost 70% of its electricity from hydropower while in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, North Macedonia and Serbia coal-produced power represents the largest part of total electricity production, mostly from lignite coal. While domestically mined lignite gives the region security in terms of supply, this form of coal emits significant levels of greenhouse gas and other pollutants, especially in the form of air pollution. In all six countries of the Western Balkans, energy efficiency is therefore increasingly seen as a key pillar of national energy strategies, helping to enhance energy security, contribute to economic growth and ensure environmental sustainability.